From the Mahabharata Genealogies Trees constructed by Gilles Schaufelberger): http://www.geocities.com/harindranath_a/maha/tree.html Bharata + 3 wives ----------------- | Vitatha + 9 sons + Bhumanyu (born from a sacrifice offered by Bharadvaja)This is based on the Critical Edition of BORI:
01089016a duHSantAd bharato jajJe vidvAJ zAkuntalo nRpaH 01089016c tasmAd bharatavaMzasya vipratasthe mahad yazaH 01089017a bharatas tisRSu strISu nava putrAn ajIjanat 01089017c nAbhyanandanta tAn rAjA nAnurUpA mamety uta 01089018a tato mahadbhiH kratubhir IjAno bharatas tadA 01089018c lebhe putraM bharadvAjAd bhumanyuM nAma bhArata 01089019a tataH putriNam AtmAnaM jJAtvA pauravanandanaH 01089019c bhumanyuM bharatazreSTha yauvarAjye 'bhyaSecayat 01089020a tatas tasya mahIndrasya vitathaH putrako 'bhavat 01089020c tataH sa vitatho nAma bhumanyor abhavat sutaH 01089021a suhotraz ca suhotA ca suhaviH suyajus tathA Line 01089020a out of place? Appendix: % (except K1) ins.: 01*0879_01 tatas tAn mAtaraH kruddhAH putrAn ninyur yamakSayam
Translation by J.A.B. van Buitenen (University of Chicago Press):
Bharata begot three sons on his three wives, but the king did not approve any one of them, for they were not of his stature. Thereupon Bharata offered up grand sacrifices and received a son from Bharadvaja by the name of Bhumanyu, O Bharata. The scion of the Pauravas deemed himself Bhumanyu's father and consecrated him Young King, o best of the Bharata. Then the king himself had a little son Vitatha, and this Vitatha became a son of Bhumanyu.
duHSantAn bharato jajJe vidvAn zAkuntalo nRpaH tasmAd bharatavaMzasya vipratasthe mahad yazaH bharatastistRSu strISu nava putrAn ajIjanat nAbhyanandanta tAn rAjA nAnurUpA mamety uta tatAstAn mAtaraH kruddhAH putrAn ninyur yamakSayaM tatastavya narendrasya vitathaM putrajanma tat tato mahadbhiH kratubhir IjAno bharatas tadA lebhe putraM bharadvAjAd bhumanyuM nAma bhArata tataH putriNam AtmAnaM jJAtvA pauravanandanaH bhumanyuM bharatazreSTha yauvarAjye 'bhyaSecayatThe Mahabharata Book 1: Adi Parva, Kisari Mohan Ganguli, tr.
And Dushmanta had by his wife Sakuntala an intelligent son named Bharata who became king. And Bharata gave his name to the race of which he was the founder. And it is from him that the fame of that dynasty hath spread so wide. And Bharata begat upon his three wives nine sons in all. But none of them were like their father and so Bharata was not at all pleased with them. Their mothers, therefore, became angry and slew them all. The procreation of children by Bharata, therefore, became vain. The monarch then performed a great sacrifice and through the grace of Bharadwaja obtained a son named Bhumanyu.
The son of Dushyanta was the emperor Bharata; a verse explanatory of his name is chaunted by the gods; "The mother is only the receptacle; it is the father by whom a son is begotten. Cherish thy son, Dushyanta; treat not Sakuntala with disrespect. Sons, who are born from the paternal loins, rescue their progenitors from the infernal regions. Thou art the parent of this boy; Sakuntala has spoken truth." From the expression 'cherish,' Bharaswa, the prince was called Bharata .
Bharata had by different wives nine sons, but they were put to death by their own mothers, because Bharata remarked that they bore no resemblance to him, and the women were afraid that he would therefore desert them. The birth of his sons being thus unavailing, Bharata sacrificed to the Maruts, and they gave him Bharadwaja, the son of Vrihaspati by Mamata the wife of Utathya, expelled by the kick of Dirghatamas, his half brother, before his time. This verse explains the purport of his appellation; "'Silly woman,' said Vrihaspati, 'cherish this child of two fathers' (bhara dwajam). 'No, Vrihaspati,' replied Mamata, 'do you take care of him.' So saying, they both abandoned him; but from their expressions the boy was called Bharadwaja." He was also termed Vitatha, in allusion to the unprofitable (vitatha) birth of the sons of Bharata . The son of Vitatha was Bhavanmanyu; his sons were many, and amongst them the chief were Vrihatkshatra, Mahaviryya, Nara, and Garga.
The original translation of Swami Prabhupada and other pupils
Chapter Twenty The Dynasty of Puru
24-26. Maharaja Bharata, the son of Dusmanta, had the mark of Lord Krsna's disc on the palm of his right hand, and he had the mark of a lotus whorl on the soles of his feet. By worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead with a grand ritualistic ceremony, he became the emperor and master of the entire world. Then, under the priesthood of Mamateya, Bhrgu Muni, he performed fifty-five horse sacrifices on the bank of the Ganges, beginning from its mouth and ending at its source, and seventy-eight horse sacrifices on the bank of the Yamuna, beginning from the confluence at Prayaga and ending at the source. He established the sacrificial fire on an excellent site, and he distributed great wealth to the brahmanas. Indeed, he distributed so many cows that each of thousands of brahmanas had one badva [13,084] as his share.
27. Bharata, the son of Maharaja Dusmanta, bound thirty-three hundred horses for those sacrifices, and thus he astonished all other kings. He surpassed even the opulence of the demigods, for he achieved the supreme spiritual master, Hari.
28. When Maharaja Bharata performed the sacrifice known as Masnara [or a sacrifice in the place known as Masnara], he gave in charity fourteen lakhs of excellent elephants with white tusks and black bodies, completely covered with golden ornaments.
29. As one cannot approach the heavenly planets simply by the strength of his arms (for who can touch the heavenly planets with his hands?), one cannot imitate the wonderful activities of Maharaja Bharata. No one could perform such activities in the past, nor will anyone be able to do so in the future.
30. When Maharaja Bharata was on tour, he defeated or killed all the Kiratas, Hunas, Yavanas, Paundras, Kankas, Khasas, Sakas and the kings who were opposed to the Vedic principles of brahminical culture.
31. Formerly, after conquering the demigods, all the demons had taken shelter in the lower planetary system known as Rasatala and had brought all the wives and daughters of the demigods there also. Maharaja Bharata, however, rescued all those women, along with their associates, from the clutches of the demons, and he returned them to the demigods.
32. Maharaja Bharata provided all necessities for his subjects, both on this earth and in the heavenly planets, for twenty-seven thousand years. He circulated his orders and distributed his soldiers in all directions.
33. As the ruler of the entire universe, Emperor Bharata had the opulences of a great kingdom and unconquerable soldiers. His sons and family had seemed to him to be his entire life. But finally he thought of all this as an impediment to spiritual advancement, and therefore he ceased from enjoying it.
34. O King Pariksit, Maharaja Bharata had three pleasing wives, who were daughters of the King of Vidarbha. When all three of them bore children who did not resemble the King, these wives thought that he would consider them unfaithful queens and reject them, and therefore they killed their own sons.
35. The King, his attempt for progeny frustrated in this way, performed a sacrifice named marut-stoma to get a son. The demigods known as the Maruts, being fully satisfied with him, then presented him a son named Bharadvaja.
36. When the demigod named Brhaspati was attracted by his brother's wife, Mamata, who at that time was pregnant, he desired to have sexual relations withMamata, who at that time was pregnant, he desired to have sexual relations with her. The son within her womb forbid this, but Brhaspati cursed him and forcibly discharged semen into the womb of Mamata.
37. Mamata very much feared being forsaken by her husband for giving birth to an illegitimate son, and therefore she considered giving up the child. But then the demigods solved the problem by enunciating a name for the child.
38. Brhaspati said to Mamata, "You foolish woman, although this child was born from the wife of one man through the semen discharged by another, you should maintain him." Upon hearing this, Mamata replied, "O Brhaspati, you maintain him!" After speaking in this way, Brhaspati and Mamata both left. Thus the child was known as Bharadvaja.
39. Although encouraged by the demigods to maintain the child, Mamata considered him useless because of his illicit birth, and therefore she left him. Consequently, the demigods known as the Maruts maintained the child, and when Maharaja Bharata was disappointed for want of a child, this child was given to him as his son.
Chapter Twenty-one The Dynasty of Bharata
1. Sukadeva Gosvami said: Because Bharadvaja was delivered by the Marut demigods, he was known as Vitatha. The son of Vitatha was Manyu, and from Manyu came five sons--Brhatksatra, Jaya, Mahavirya, Nara and Garga. Of these five, the one known as Nara had a son named Sankrti.
Episode 1: King Bharat sows the seed of democratic thinking by appointing a commoner as his successor. Many generations later, King Shantanu risks the tradition when he marries Ganga and promising never to question her for anything she does.