Harivamsha MahA PurANam - ViShNu Parva
varuNena saha yuddhaM dvArakApratyAgamanaM cha
harivamsha in the mahAbhArata - viShNuparva
Chapter 127 - aniruddha freed, kR^iShNa returns to dVaraka
after a battle with varuNa
evaM varAnbahUnprApya bANaH prItamanAbhavat |
jagAma saha rudreNa mahAkAlatvamAgataH ||2-127-1
(O janamejaya!) Thus obtaining many such boons, bANa became one with a
pleased mind. Attaining the title of mahAkAla (a form of shiva as the
destroyer), he went away along with rudra (shiva).
vAsudevo.api bahudhA nAradaM paryapR^ichChata |
kvAniruddho.asti bhagavansaMyato nAgabandhanaiH ||2-127-2
The son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa) asked nArada many times: O lord! Where is
aniruddha bound by serpents?
shrotumichChAmi tattvena snehaklinnaM hi me manaH |
aniruddhe hate vIre kShubhitA dvArakA purI ||2-127-3
I want to know the truth. My mind is soft with affection (for aniruddha).
The (residents of the) city of doors (dvAraka) are agitated over the taking
away of aniruddha.
shIghraM taM mokShayiShyAmo yadarthaM vayamAgatAH |
adya taM naShTashatruM vai draShTumichChAmahe vayam ||2-127-4
Let us free him quickly. We came here for that purpose. Now I want to see
him whose enemies are destroyed.
sa pradeshastu bhagavanviditastava suvrata |
evamuktastu kR^iShNena nAradaH pratyabhAShata ||2-127-5
O lord! O the one who observes good penances! You know this place well.
As kR^iShNa spoke thus, nArada replied:
kanyApure kumAro.asau baddho nAgaishcha mAdhava |
etasminnantare shIghraM chitralekhA hyupasthitA ||2-127-6
O mAdhava (kR^iShNa). kumAra (aniruddha) is in the female apartments
(of maidens). During this time chitralekha also reached there.
bANasyottamasharvasya daityendrasya mahAtmanaH |
idamantaHpuraM deva pravishasva yathAsukham ||2-127-7
O lord! This is the female apartments of the great soul bANa, the best
disciple of sharva (shiva), the indra (king) of demons. You may enter the
tataH praviShTAste sarve hyaniruddhasya mokShaNe |
balaH suparNaH kR^iShNastu pradyumno nAradastathA ||2-127-8
Then all of them, bala(rAma), the one with beautiful wings (garuDa),
kR^iShNa, pradyumna and nArada entered for releasing aniruddha.
tato dR^iShTvaiva garuDaM ye.aniruddhasharIragAH |
shararUpA mahAsarpA veShTayitvA tanuM sthitAH ||2-127-9
Then, the great serpents coiling around the body of aniruddha in the form of
arrows, seeing garuDa,
te sarve sahasA dehAttasya niHsR^itya bhoginaH |
kShitiM samabhivartitvA prakR^ityAvasthitAH sharAH ||2-127-10
all of them, the serpents, in the form of arrows, suddenly leaving from
aniruddha's body and reaching the earth, regained their natural form.
dR^iShTaH spR^iShTashcha kR^iShNena so.aniruddho mahAyashAH |
sthitaH prItamanA bhUtvA prA~njalirvAkyamabravIt ||2-127-11
aniruddha of great fame, when he was seen and touched by kR^iShNa smiled.
Becoming pleased in his mind, he spoke the following words with folded
devadeva sadA yuddhe jetA tvamasi keshava |
na shaktaH pramukhe sthAtuM sAkShAdapi shatakratuH ||2-127-12
O the lord of lords! O keshava (kR^iShNa)! Always, you are the victor in
battles. Even the one who performed one hundred sacrifices, the real indra
will not be able to face you in battle.
Aroha garuDaM tUrNaM gachChAma dvArakAM purIm |
[The lord said
Mounting on garuDa, let us go to the city of doors (dvAraka).
evamukto.aniruddhastu uShayA saha kanyayA |
sthitaH prItamanA bhUtvA j~nAtvA bANaM jitaM raNe ]
aniruddha who was told thus by kR^iShNa , became pleased in mind along
with the maiden uShA, knowing that bANa was conquered in battle.]
tato mahAbalaM devaM balabhadraM yashasvinam |
abhivAdayate hR^iShTaH so.aniruddho mahAmanAH ||2-127-13
Then aniruddha, the great soul, becoming happy, paid respects to the famous,
highly powerful lord balabhadra (balarAma),
mAdhavaM cha mahAtmAnamabhivAdya kR^itA~njaliH |
khagottamaM mahAvIryaM suparNamabhivAdya cha ||2-127-14
With folded hands, he also paid respects to the great soul, mAdhava
(kR^iShNa). He also paid respects to the best among the birds, the highly
valiant garuDa, the one with beautiful wings.
tato makaraketum cha chitrabANadharaM prabhum |
pitaraM so.abhyupAgamya pradyumnamabhivAdayat ||2-127-15
Then he went near his father, pradyumna and paid respects to the lord,
the one with fish on his flag, the one who holds a beautiful bow.
sakhIgaNavR^itA chaiva sA choShA bhavane sthitA |
balaM chAtibalaM chaiva vAsudevaM sudurjayam ||2-127-16
asa~NkhyAtagatiM chaiva suparNamabhivAdya cha |
puShpabANadharaM chaiva lajjamAnAbhyavAdayat ||2-127-17
uShA who was residing in the house, surrounded by her friends bowed with
humility and paid respects to the highly powerful bala(rAma),
also to the one who is difficult to conquer, son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa)
and also to the one who is immeasurably fast, the one with beautiful wings
and one who has flowers as arrows (pradyumna).
tataH shakrasya vachanAnnAradaH paramadyutiH |
vAsudevasamIpaM sa prahasanpunarAgataH ||2-127-18
Then as per the words of shakra (indra), nArada, the one with most splendor,
again went near the son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa), smiling.
vardhApayati taM devaM govindaM shatrusUdanam |
diShTyA vardhasi govinda aniruddhasamAgamAt ||2-127-19
nArada praised the lord, govinda (kR^iShNa), the slayer of enemies: O
govinda (kR^iShNa)! The good fortune increases by your meeting with
tato.aniruddhasahitA nAradaM praNatAH sthitAH |
AshIrbhirvarddhayitvA cha devarShiH kR^iShNamabravIt || 2-127-20
Then along with aniruddha, they bowed to nArada. The deva sage, nArada
showering blessings on them, told kR^iShNa as follows:
aniruddhasya vIryAkhyo vivAhaH kriyatAM vibho |
jambUlamANikAM draShTuM shraddhA hi mama jAyate ||2-127-21
(nArada said): O lord! Please conduct the marriage of aniruddha by the system
known as vIrA (marriage with maiden won by valiance). I am interested to
hear jambUlamANika (the tradition in which women from the boy's side make
funny remarks) (see nIlakaNTha commentary).
tataH prahasitAH sarve nAradasya vachaHshravAt |
kR^iShNaH provAcha bhagavan kriyatAmAshu mA chiram ||2-127-22
(vaishampAyana said: O janamejaya!) Then, hearing the words of nArada,
all of them laughed. kR^iShNa said: O lord! We shall conduct the marriage
without any delay.
etasminnantare tAta kumbhANDaH samupasthitaH |
vaivAhikAMstu saMbhArAngR^ihya kR^iShNa namasya tu || 2-127-23
During this time, kumbhANDa reached there, arranging all items for the
marriage. He bowed to kR^iShNa and said:
kR^iShNa kR^iShNa mahAbAho bhava tvamabhayapradaH |
sharaNAgato.asmi devesha prasIdaiSho.a~njalistava ||2-127-24
kR^iShNa! O the one with great arms! O kR^iShNa! Provider of refuge!
Be refuge for me. O the lord of deva-s! I have come to you seeking
Be pleased with me. I bow to you with folded hands.
nAradasya vachaH shrutvA sarvaM prAgeva chAchyutaH |
abhayaM yachChate tasmai kumbhANDAya mahAtmane ||2-127-25
(vaishampAyana continued: O janamejaya!) Hearing all that was said by nArada,
the one who does not have a fall, (kR^iShNa) was ready in the beginning
itself to provide refuge to kumbhANDa, the great soul.
kumbhANDa mantriNAM shreShTha prIto.asmi tava suvrata |
sukR^itaM te vijAnAmi rAShTriko.astu bhavAniha |
(kR^iShNa said) O kumbhANDa! The best among ministers! I am pleased with
you who observe good penances. I know about your good deeds. You live here
protecting the country.
saj~nAtipakShaH susukhI nivR^itto.astu bhavAniha ||2-127-26
rAjyaM cha te mayA dattaM chiraM jIva mamAshrayAt |
O kumbhANDa! Live here comfortably along with your kinsmen. I have given you
this country. Live for a long time, depending on me.
evaM dattvA rAjyamasmai kumbhANDAya mahAtmane ||2-127-27
vivAhamakarottasyAniruddhasya janArdanaH |
(vaishampAyana continued: O janamejaya!) Thus, giving the country to the
great soul kumbhANDa, the one who agitates people (kR^iShNa),
conducted the marriage of aniruddha.
tatastu bhagavAnvahnistatra svayamupasthitaH ||2-127-28
sa vivAho.aniruddhasya nakShatre cha shubhe.abhavat |
Then lord of fire (agni) himself presented there and the marriage of
aniruddha was conducted on an auspicious time and day.
tato.apsarogaNashchaiva kautukaM kartumudyataH ||2-127-29
snAtastvala~NkR^itastatra so.aniruddhaH svabhAryayA |
Then the groups of divine women prepared to begin the marriage rituals.
aniruddha bathed and decorated along with his wife.
tataH snigdhaiH shubhairvAkyairgandharvAshcha jagustadA ||2-127-30
nR^ityantyapsarasashchaiva vivAhamupashobhayan |
Then the gandharva-s sang using gentle and auspicious words. The divine
women danced, increasing the beauty of the marriage function.
tato nirvartayitvA tu vivAhaM shatrusUdanaH ||2-127-31
aniruddhasya supraj~naH sarvairdevagaNairvR^itaH |
Thus the marriage of aniruddha was conducted by the slayer of enemies
(kR^iShNa), the one with wisdom, surrounded by all the groups of deva-s.
Amantrya varadaM tatra rudraM devanamaskR^itam ||2-127-32
chakAra gamane buddhiM kR^iShNaH parapura~njayaH |
After informing rudra (shiva), the one who provides boon, the one who is
bowed by the all the deva-s, kR^iShNa, the one who conquers other cities,
decided to leave the place.
dvArakAbhimukhaM kRiShNaM j~nAtvA shatruniShUdanam ||2-127-33
kumbhANDo vachanaM prAha prA~njalirmadhusUdanam |
Knowing that kR^iShNa, the slayer of enemies, is leaving for the city of
doors (dvAraka), kumbhANDa spoke the following words to the slayer of madhu
(kR^iShNa) with folded hands.
bANasya gAvastiShThanti haste tu varuNasya vai ||2-127-34
yAsAmamR^itakalpaM vai kShIraM kSharati mAdhava |
(kumbhANDa said) O mAdhava (kR^iShNa)! The cows of bANa are with varuNa,
the lord of the sea. Their milk is flowing like nectar (amR^ita).
tatpItvAtibalashchaiva naro bhavati durjayaH ||2-127-35
The man who drinks their milk will become strong and difficult to be conquered.
kumbhANDenaivamAkhyAte hariH prItamanAstadA |
gamanAya matiM chakre gantavyamiti nishchayam ||2-127-36
(vaishampAyana continued: O janamejaya!) As kumbhANDa said thus, hari
(kR^iShNa), with a pleased mind, decided to go (to the place of the cows).
He decided that he will go there.
tatastu bhagavAnbrahmA vardhApya sa tu keshavam |
jagAma brahmalokaM sa vR^itaH svabhavanAlaye ||2-127-37
Then lord brahmA praised keshava (kR^iShNa) and went to the world of brahma
surrounded by the residents of his world.
indro marudgaNayuto dvArakAbhimukho yayau |
yataH kR^iShNastataH sarve gachChanti jayakA~NkShiNaH ||2-127-38
indra, followed by the groups of marut-s, accompanied kR^iShNa for the
journey to dvAraka. All those who wish for the victory proceed
to where kR^iShNa is.
(See Note 4)
vAhanena mayUreNa sakhIbhiH parivAritA |
dvArakAbhimukhI hyUShA devyA prasthApitA yayau |
uShA who was bidden farewell by the goddess (umA) proceeded to dvAraka
by the vehicle of peacock, surrounded by her friends.
tato balashcha kR^iShNashcha pradyumnashcha mahAbalaH ||2-127-39
ArUDhavanto garuDamaniruddhashcha vIryavAn |
Then bala(rAma), kR^iShNa, the highly powerful pradyumna and also the
valiant aniruddha mounted on garuDa.
prasthitashcha sa tejasvI garuDaH patatAM varaH ||2-127-40
unmUlayaMstarugaNAnkampayaMshchApi medinIm |
The splendorous garuDa , the best among the birds, began the journey,
uprooting groups of trees and shaking the earth.
AkulAscha dishaH sarvA reNudhvastamivAmbaram ||2-127-41
garuDe saMprayAte.abhUnmandarashmirdivAkaraH |
All the directions were agitated. Dust scattered in the sky. As garuDa began
his journey, the rays of the sun became dim.
tataste dIrghamadhvAnaM prayayuH puruSharShabhAH ||2-127-42
Aruhya garuDaM sarve jitvA bANaM mahaujasam |
Afterwards, all the bulls among men who conquered bANa of high splendor,
covered a long distance, mounted on garuDa.
tato.ambaratalasthAste vAruNIM dishamAsthitAH ||2-127-43
apashyanta mahAtmAno gAvo divyapayaHpradAH |
velAvanavichAriNyo nAnAvarNAH sahasrashaH ||2-127-44
Travelling through the sky, they reached the place of varuNa. The great souls
saw thousands of the cows yielding divine milk, having many colours,
moving in the forest near the ocean.
avaj~nAya tadA rUpaM kumbhANDavachanAshrayAt |
kR^iShNaH praharatAM shreShThastattvato.arthavishAradaH ||2-127-45
Knowing about the cows, depending on the words of kumbhANDa, kR^iShNa, the
best among strikers and also the expert who knows the truth,
nishamya bANagAvastu tAsu chakre manastadA |
Asthito garuDaM prAha sa tu lokAdiravyayaH ||2-127-46
recognizing them as the cows of bANa, decided to have them. The one who is
foremost in the world, the one who does not have any decline, kR^iShNa,
seated on garuDa, said:
vainateya prayAhi tvaM yatra bANasya godhanam |
yAsAM pItvA kila kShIramamR^itatvamavApnuyAt ||2-127-47
The auspicious lord kR^iShNa said:
O the son of vinatA (garuDa)! Proceed to the place where the wealth of cows
of bANa is. It is said that immortality is achieved by drinking their milk.
Aha mAM satyabhAmA cha bANagAvo mamAnaya |
yAsaM pItvA kila kShIraM na jIryanti mahAsurAH ||2-127-48
satyabhAma told me: Bring the cows of bANa for me. By drinking their
milk, the great demons do not
vijarAshcha jarAM tyaktvA bhavanti kila jantavaH |
tA Anayasva bhadraM te yadi dharmo na lupyate ||2-127-49
Living beings (it is said), discarding decay, will become unaffected by
old age (by drinking their milk). If right conduct is not compromised,
bring the cows. Let there be good to you.
atha vA kAryalopo vai maiva tAsu manaH kR^ithAH |
iti mAmabravItsatyA tAshchaitA viditA mama ||2-127-50
Otherwise, if any compromise is to be done in your work, do not keep your
mind on this. Thus satyA (satyabhAmA) told me. I have recognized the cows.
dR^iShyante gAva etAstA dR^iShTvA mAM varuNAlayam |
vishanti sahasA sarvAH kAryamatra vidhIyatAm ||2-127-51
These cows see me. Seeing me, all of them begin to enter the residence of
varuNa immediately. Do what is to be done here.
ityuktvA chaiva garuDaH pakShavAtena sAgarAm |
sahasA kShobhayitvA cha vivesha varuNAlayam ||2-127-52
(vaishampAyana continued: O janamejaya!) Saying this, garuDa agitating the
ocean by generating winds by fanning his wings, entered the residence of
dR^iShTvA javena garuDaM prAptaM vai varuNAlayam |
vAruNAshcha gaNAH sarve vibhrAntAH prAchalaMstadA ||2-127-53
Seeing that garuDa has entered the residence of varuNa, all the beings of
the ocean became confused and started moving.
tatastu vAruNaM sainyamabhij~nAtuM sudurjayam |
pramukhe vAsudevasya nAnApraharaNodyatam |
Then the army of varuNa, most difficult to conquer, knowing this, arrived
there, taking various weapons, in front of the son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa).
tadyuddhamabhavadghoraM vAruNaiH pannagAriNA ||2-127-54
Then there was a terrible battle between the beings of the ocean and the
enemy of serpents (garuDa).
teShAmApatatAM sa~Nkhye vAruNAnAM sahasrashaH |
bhagnaM balamanAdhR^iShyaM keshavena mahAtmanA ||2-127-55
Thousands of the opposing undefeatable army of the beings of the ocean,
were broken by the great soul keshava (kR^iShNa).
tataste pradrutA yAnti tameva varuNAlayam |
Then they went immediately to the residence of varuNa (Ocean).
ShaShTiM rathasahasrANi ShashTiM rathashatAni cha ||2-127-56
vAruNAni cha yuddhAni dIptashastrANi saMyuge |
Afterwards, the beings of the ocean fought the battle with sixty thousand
and sixty hundred chariots along with dazzling weapons.
tadbalaM balibhiH shUrairbaladevajanArdanaiH ||2-127-57
pradyumnenAniruddhena garuDena cha sarvashaH |
sharaughairvividhaistIkShNairvadhyamAnaM samantataH ||2-127-58
That army was slain all around by the powerful, valiant baladeva (balarAma),
the one who agitates men (kR^iShNa), pradyumna, aniruddha and garuDa by many
groups of sharp and fiery arrows.
tato bhagnaM balaM dR^iShTvA kR^iShNenAkliShTakarmaNA |
varuNastvatha sa~Nkruddho niryayau yatra keshavaH ||2-127-59
Seeing that his army is broken by kR^iShNa who performs difficult tasks,
varuNa, the lord of ocean, became angry and went to the place where keshava
R^iShibhirdevagandharvaistathaivApsarasAM gaNaiH |
saMstUyamAno bahudhA varuNaH pratyadR^ishyata ||2-127-60
varuNa, the lord of ocean, praised in many ways by the groups of sages,
deva-s, gandharva-s as well as divine women , revealed himself there.
ChatreNa dhriyamANena pANDureNa vapuShmatA |
salilasrAviNA shreShThaM chApamudyamya dhiShThitaH ||2-127-61
varuNa, the lord of the ocean, appeared there, his head shielded by a
white umbrella, from which water was flowing and holding up his best bow.
apAM patiratikruddhaH putrapautrabalAnvitaH |
Ahvayanniva yuddhAya visphAritamahAdhanuH ||2-127-62
The lord of water, highly furious, along with his sons, grandsons and army,
shook his great bow, as though he was challenging for battle.
sa tu prAdhmApayachCha~NkhaM varuNaH samadhAvata |
hariM hara iva kruddho bAnajAlaiH samAvR^iNot ||2-127-63
lord varuNa, arrived there immediately, blowing his conch. The angry lord,
varuNa shot a group of arrows at hari (kR^iShNa) as if he was hara (shiva).
tataH pradhmAya jalajaM pA~nchajanyaM janArdanaH |
bANajAlairdishaH sarvAstatashchakre mahAbalaH ||2-127-64
Then the one who agitates people, kR^iShNa, blew his conch pA~nchajanyaM,
born from water (obtained from ocean). The highly powerful kR^iShNa covered
all directions with groups of arrows.
tataH sharaughairvimalairvaruNaH pIDito raNe |
smayanniva tataH kR^iShNaM varuNaH pratyayudhyata ||2-127-65
Then varuNa was oppressed by a pure group of arrows in the battle.
varuNa battled with kR^iShNa smiling.
tato.astraM vaiShNavaM ghoramabhimantryAhave sthitaH |
vAsudevo.abravIdvAkyaM pramukhe tasya dhImataH ||2-127-66
Invoking the terrible weapon vaiShNava in the battle, the son of vasudeva
(kR^iShNa) spoke as follows to the one with intellect (varuNa).
idamastraM mahAghoraM vaiShNavaM shatrusUdanam |
mayodyataM vadhArthaM te tiShThedAnIM sthiro bhava ||2-127-67
(kR^iShNa said) I have taken this highly terrible weapon, vaiShNava,
the killer of enemies, for killing you. Now you shall stop.
tato.astraM varuNo devo hyastraM vaiShNavamudyataH |
vAruNAstreNa saMyojya vinanAda mahAbalaH ||2-127-68
Aiming the vaiShNava arrow at lord varuNa, lord kR^iShNa readied himself.
The highly powerful varuNa took up the weapon vAruNa and roared.
tasyAstre vitatA hyApo varuNasya viniHsR^itAH |
vaiShNavAstrasya shamane vartate samiti~njayaH ||2-127-69
Water jets emerged from the weapon of varuNa. The one who wins battles,
(kR^iShNa) prepared to shoot the vaiShNava weapon to control the same.
Apastu vAruNAstatra kSiptAH kShiptA jvalanti vai |
dahyante vAruNAstatra tato.astre jvalite punaH ||2-127-70
The water jets shot by varuNa began to boil. The vAruNa weapon was burned as
the vaiShNava weapon blazed again.
vaiShNave tu mahAvIrye disho bhItA vidudruvuH |
tadbalaM jvalitaM dR^iShTvA varuNaH kR^iShNamabravIt ||2-127-71
As the highly powerful vaiShNava arrow blazed, all of them ran away in all
directions. Seeing his army in flames, varuNa told kR^iShNa:
smara svaprakR^itiM pUrvAmavyaktAM vyaktalakShaNAm |
tamo jahi mahAbhAga tamasA muhyase katham ||2-127-72
(varuNa said) Remember your former nature which is not clear, but with
clear signs. O highly fortunate one! Destroy the dark qualities!
why are you getting confused with dark qualities?
sattvastho nityamAsIstvaM yogIshvara mahAmate |
pa~nchabhUtAshrayAndoShAnaha~NkAraM cha varjaya ||2-127-73
You are always fixed in true good qualities. O the one with great intellect!
O the lord of those who perform yoga! Destroy the five defects
(ignorance, egoism, passion, enmity and infatuation) based on the five
elements as well as pride.
(See Note 1)
yA yA te vaiShNavI mUrtistasyA jyeShTho hyahaM tava |
jyeShThabhAvena mAnyam tu kiM mAM tvaM dagdhumichChasi ||2-127-74
Wherever your vaiShNava body is present, I am the eldest of all those
avatAra-s (The first avatAra of viShNu as matsya (fish) occurred in the
ocean). When I am respectable to you because I am elder (to you) why are you
thinking about burning me?
(See Note 2)
nAgnirvikramate hyagnau tyaja kopaM yudhAM vara |
tvayi na prabhaviShyAmi jagataH prabhavo hyasi ||2-127-75
Fire will not be able to show valiance on fire. O the best among fighters!
Discard your anger. I cannot excel you since you are the creator of the
pUrvaM hi yA tvayA sR^iShTA prakR^itirvikR^itAtmikA |
dharmiNI bIjabhAvena pUrvadharmaM samAshritA || 2-127-76
The nature created by you long ago is bound to be transformed to other
forms and hence evolutionary. The nature created by you is manifesting as
the world depending on its original nature (of yours).
(See Note 3 and nIlkaNTha commentary)
AgneyaM vaiShNavaM saumyaM prakR^ityaivedamAditaH |
tvayA sR^iShTaM jagadidaM sa kathaM mayi vartase ||2-127-77
Using appropriate nature, you have created the weapons of Agneya (of the
fire god), vaiShNava (of viShNu) and saumya (of moon).
You have created this whole world. Then why are you confronting me?
ajeyaH shAshvato devaH svayaMbhUrbhUtabhAvanaH |
akSharaM cha kSharaM chaiva bhAvAbhAvau mahAdyute ||2-127-78
O the one with great splendor! You are invincible, eternal, lord, born from
your own self. You cause the welfare of all beings. You are nonperishable as
well as perishable. You are the existing as well as non existing.
rakSha mAM rakShaNIyo.ahaM tvayAnagha namo.astu te |
AdikartAsi lokAnAM tvayaitadbahulIkR^itam ||2-127-79
Protect me. O the one without any sin! I am to be protected by you.
I bow to you. You are the prime creator of all the worlds. You have expanded
vikrIDasi mahAdeva bAlaH kR^IDanakairiva |
na hyayaM prakR^itidveShI nAhaM prakR^itidUShakaH ||2-127-80
O great lord! You are playing with the world like a child playing with his
toys. You are the source of this nature. I am neither an enemy of nature nor
can I abuse nature.
prakR^itiryA vikAreShu vartate puruSharShabha |
tasyA vikArashamane vartase tvaM mahAdyute ||2-127-81
O the best bull among men! O the one with great splendor! You work for
controlling the defects (such as violence) that exist in (the wicked of)
vikAro vA vikArANAM vikArAya na te.anagha |
tAnadharmavido mandAnbhavAnvikurute sadA ||2-127-82
O the one without any sin! These defects exist for the destruction of
the wicked. You always destroy the wicked elements of nature.
idaM prakR^itijairdoShaistamasA muhyate yadA |
rajasA vApi saMspR^iShTvA tadA mohaH pravartate ||2-127-83
When the world, affected by dark qualities, loses its sensibility or
engages in passionate and selfish deeds, then confusion takes over.
parAvaraj~naH sarvaj~na aishvaryavidhimAsthitaH |
kiM mohayasi naH sarvAnprajApatiriva svayam ||2-127-84
You know the cause and effect. You know all. You are based on prosperity.
Why are you confusing all of us? You yourself are like the great grandfather.
varuNenaivamuktastu kR^iShNo lokaparAyaNaH |
bhAvaj~naH sarvakR^iddhIrastataH prItamanA hyabhUt ||2-127-85
(vaishampAyana said: O janamejaya!) kR^iShNa who was told thus by varuNa,
the last refuge of the world, the one who knows about all that exist,
the one who is interested in the welfare of all, the valiant, became pleased
in his mind.
ityevamuktaH kR^iShNastu prahasanvAkyamabravIt |
kR^iShNa who was told thus by varuNa, smiled and said the following words:
gAvaH prayachCha me vIra shAntyarthaM bhImavikrama ||2-127-86
The auspicious kR^iShNa said:
O valiant! O the one with high valiance! Offer the cows to me for peace.
ityevamukte kR^iShNena vAkyaM vAkyavishAradaH |
varuNo hyabravIdbhUyaH shR^iNu me madhusUdana ||2-127-87
When kR^iShNa, the expert of words, spoke these words, varuNa said: O
slayer of madhu (kR^iShNa)! Again hear me.
bANena sArdhaM samayo mayA deva kR^itaH purA |
kathaM cha samayaM kR^itvA kuryAM viphalamanyathA ||2-127-88
O lord! I have made an agreement with bANa long ago. How can I make that
agreement null and void otherwise?
tvameva veda sarvasya yathA samayabhedakaH |
chAritraM duShyate tena na cha sadbhiH prashasyate ||2-127-89
You know well that the one who breaks an agreement, pollutes his good
behavior, Good people do not praise such behavior.
dharmabhAgbhirnaro nityaM varjyate madhusUdana |
na cha lokAnavApnoti pApaH samayabhedakaH || 2-127-90
O the slayer of madhu (kR^iShNa)! The righteous people always avoid such
men. The sinners who break agreements do not attain good worlds.
prasIda dharmalopashcha mA bhUnme madhusUdana |
na mAM samayabhedena yoktumarhasi mAdhava ||2-127-91
jIvannAhaM pradAsyAmi gAvo vai vR^iShabhekShaNa |
O killer of madhu (kR^iShNa)! Be pleased with me. Let me not
deviate from dharma.
O mAdhava (kR^iShNa)! I do not deserve to be directed for breaking
agreements. O the one with the eyes of bull! I will not offer the cows to you
when I am alive.
hatvA nayasva mAM gAva eSha me samayaH purA ||2-127-92
etachcha me samAkhyAtaM samayaM madhusUdana |
Kill me and take away the cows. This is my former agreement. O the slayer of
madhu (kR^iShNa)! I have told you about my agreement.
satyameva mahAbAho na mithyA tu sureshvara ||2-127-93
O the one with powerful arms! This is the truth. O the lord of gods! This is
yadevAhamanugrAhyo rakSha mAM madhusUdana |
atha vA goShu nirbandho hatvA naya mahAbhuja ||2-127-94
If I deserve to be blessed, O slayer of madhu (kR^iShNa)! Protect me. O
the one with powerful arms! If you insist on taking the cows away, kill me
and take them.
varuNenaivamuktastu yadUnAM vaMshavardhanaH |
abhedyaM samayaM matvA nyastavAdo gavAM prati ||2-127-95
(O janamejaya!) The one who flourishes the race of yAdava-s, (kR^iShNa),
who was told thus by varuNa, understanding that the agreement cannot be
broken, stopped asking about the cows.
sa prahasya tato vAkyaM vyAjahArArthakovidaH |
tasmAnmukto.asi yadyevaM bANena samayaH kR^itaH ||2-127-96
The expert of meanings of words (kR^iShNa ) smiled and said as follows:
If you have made an agreement with bANa, then I leave it.
kathaM pApaM kariShyAmi varuNa tvayyahaM prabho ||2-127-97
O lord! O varuNa! Because of your sweet words and sweet talk with meanings
of principles, how can I commit a sin with you?
gachCha mukto.asi varuNa satyasaMdho.asi no bhavAn |
tvatpriyArthaM mayA muktA bANagAvo na saMshayaH |
varuNa! I release you. You may go. Between us, you are truthful. I have
released the cows of bANa for your pleasure. There is no doubt.
tatastUryaninAdaishcha bherINAM cha mahAsvanaiH |2-127-98
arghamAdAya varuNaH keshavaM pratyapUjayat |
(vaishampAyana continued: O janamejaya!) Afterwards, accompanied by the
playing of musical instruments and the great sounds of kettle drums,
varuNa brought the arghya. He honoured keshava (kR^iShNa).
keshavo.arghaM tadA gR^ihya varuNAdyadunandanaH ||2-127-99
balaM chApUjayaddevaH kushalIva samAhitaH |
The son of yadu, keshava (kR^iShNa) accepted the respect offered by varuNa.
Lord varuNa honoured the bala(rAma) with an alert and controlled mind.
varuNAyAbhayaM dattvA vAsudevaH pratApavAn |2-127-100
The splendorous son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa) gave refuge to varuNa.
dvArakAM prasthitaH shauriH shachIpatisahAyavAn |
The son of shUra (kR^iShNa) accompanied by the husband of shachI (indra)
went to the city of doors (dvAraka).
tatra devAH samarutaH sasAdhyAH siddhachAraNAH ||2-127-101
gandharvApsarasashchaiva kiMnarAshchAntarikShagAH |
There the deva-s along with marut-s, sAdhya-s, siddha-s, chAraNa-s,
gandharva-s, divine women as also kiMnara-s and those who move in the sky,
anugachChanti bhUteshaM sarvabhUtAdimavyayam ||2-127-102
followed the lord of beings, the source of all beings, having no
AdityA vasavo rudrA ashvinau yakSharAkShasAH |
vidyAdharagaNAshchaiva ye chAnye siddhachAraNAH |
gachChantamanugachChanti yashasA vijayena cha ||2-127-103
The Aditya-s, vasu-s, rudra-s, both asvin-s, yakSha-s, rAkShasa-s,
groups of vidyAdhara-s as well as other siddha-s and charaNa-s,
followed the lord (kR^iShNa) who was leaving with fame as well as victory.
nAradascha mahAbhAgaH prasthito dvArakAM prati |
tuShTo bANajayaM dR^iShTvA varuNaM cha kR^itapriyam ||2-127-104
nArada, the one who likes battles, pleased to see the victory over bANa,
highly fortunate, proceeded towards the city of doors (dvAraka).
kailAsashikharaprakhyaiH prAsAdaiH kandaraiH shubhaiH |
dUrAnnishamya madhuhA dvArakAM dvAramAlinIm ||2-127-105
pA~nchajanyasya nirghoShaM chakre chakragadAdharaH |
The slayer of madhu (kR^iShNa), seeing the city of doors (dvAraka),
having buildings as tall as the peaks of mountain kailAsa and auspicious
valleys, from far away, the one who holds the chakra and mace, sounded the
saMj~nAM prayachChate devo dvArakApuravAsinAm ||2-127-106
The lord is signaling the residents of the city of doors (dvAraka).
devAnuyAnanirghoShaM pA~nchajanyasya niHsvanam |
shrutvA dvAravatIM sarve praharShamatulaM gatAH ||2-127-107
Hearing the great sound of conch pA~nchajanya announcing the arrival of lord
kR^iShNa, all the residents of the city of doors (dvAraka) became immensely
pUrNakumbhaishcha lAjaishcha bahuvinyastavistaraiH |
dvAropashobhitAM kR^itvA sarvAM dvAravatIM purIm ||2-127-108
The lord was welcomed with pUrNakumbha and a shower of fried rice grains.
The city of doors (dvAraka) was decorated and made to sparkle all around.
sushliShTarathyAM sashrIkAM bahuratnopashobhitAm |
viprAshchArghaM samAdAya yathaiva kulanaigamAH ||2-127-109
The streets were cleaned and mended suitably and beautified with many jewels.
brAhmins and priests carried items for honoring
jayashabdaishcha vividhaiH pUjayanti sma mAdhavam |
vainateye samAsInaM nIlA~njanachayopamam ||2-127-110
and worshipped mAdhava (kR^iShNa), seated on the son of vinatA (garuDa),
comparable to a beautiful dark stone, saying victory.
vavandire tadA kR^iShNaM shriyA paramayA yutam |
tamAnupUrvyA varNAshcha pUjayanti mahAbalam ||2-127-111
anantaM keshihantAraM shreShThipUrvAshcha shreNayaH |
Then all of them honoured kR^iShNa yoked with the supreme shrI.
People of all the four castes including the class of traders,
worshipped the highly powerful kR^iShNa, the one who does not have an end,
the slayer of keshi, in order.
R^iShibhirdevagandharvaishchAraNaishcha samantataH ||2-127-112
stUyate puNDarIkAkSho dvArakopavane sthitaH |
The one with eyes as beautiful as the lotus flower (kR^iShNa), praised and
surrounded by sages, deva-s , gandharva-s as well as chAraNa-s, arrived at
the gardens of the city of doors (dvAraka).
tadAshcharyamapashyanta dAshArhagaNasattamAH ||2-127-113
praharShamatulaM prAptA dR^iShTvA kR^iShNaM mahAbhujam |
bANaM jitvA mahAdevamAyAntaM puruShottamam ||2-127-114
The best among the race of dAshArha, seeing that wonder, seeing kR^iShNa
with powerful arms, the best among men, who conquered bANa and the great
lord shiva, were highly pleased.
dvArakAvAsinAM vAchashcharanti bahudhA tadA |
prApte kR^iShNe mahAbhAge yAdavAnAM mahArathe ||2-127-115
Then the residents of the city of doors (dvAraka) had many words to speak,
when kR^iShNa, the highly fortunate, the great chariot fighter among yAdava-s,
gatvA cha dUramadhvAnaM suparNo drutamAgataH |
dhanyAH smo.anugR^ihItAH smo yeShAM vai jagataH pitA ||2-127-116
After travelling a long distance, the one with beautiful wings, (garuDa)
arrived in the city of doors (dvAraka) quickly. (The residents said:)
We are fortunate and we are blessed, protected by the father of the universe.
rakShitA chaiva goptA cha dIrghabAhurmahAbhujaH |
vainateye samAruhya jitvA bANaM sudurjayam ||2-127-117
The one with powerful and long arms is our protector as well as preserver.
Mounting on garuDa, he conquered bANa, who is difficult to conquer.
prApto.ayaM puNDarIkAkSho manAMsyAhlAdayanniva |
The one with eyes as beautiful as lotus has arrived (in the city)
generating happiness in our minds.
evaM kathayatAmeva dvArakAvAsinAM tadA ||2-127-118
vAsudevagR^ihe devA vivishustaM mahArathAH |
As the residents of the city of doors were speaking thus, the great chariot
fighters reached the residence of the son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa).
avatIrya suparNAttu vAsudevo balastadA ||2-127-119
pradyumnashchAniruddhashcha gR^ihAnpravivishustadA |
The son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa), bala(rAma), pradyumna as well as aniruddha
alighted from the back of the one with beautiful wings (garuDa) and went to
tato devavimAnAni sa~ncharanti tadA divam ||2-127-120
avasthitAni dR^ishyante nAnArUpANi sarvashaH |
Then vehicles of deva-s, moving in the sky, of various forms were seen all
bhAsvanti tAni dR^iShyante vimAnAni sahasrashaH ||2-127-121
Thousands of vehicles were seen sparkling with swans, bulls, deer,elephants,
horses, cranes (sArasa) and peacocks.
ataH kR^iShNo.abravIdvAkyaM kumArAMstAnsahasrashaH |
pradyumnAdInsamastAMstu shlakShNaM madhurayA girA ||2-127-122
Then kR^iShNa gave the following instructions to the thousands of
youngsters such as pradyumna, in sweet words.
ete rudrAstathAdityA vasavo.athAshvinAvapi |
sAdhyA devAstathAnye cha vandadhvaM cha yathAkramam ||2-127-123
Here are the rudra-s, Aditya-s, vasu-s as well as both ashvin-s, also
sAdhya-s and other deva-s. Bow to them as per the order.
sahasrAkShaM mahAbhAgaM dAnavAnAM bhaya~Nkaram |
vandadhvaM sahitAH shakraM sagaNaM nAgavAhanam ||2-127-124
Bow to the highly fortunate deva, the one with thousand eyes, the one who
terrifies the demons, shakra (indra) who is accompanied by his followers,
mounted on his elephant.
saptarShayo mahAbhAgA bhR^igvA~NgirasamAshritAH |
R^iShayashcha mahAtmAno vandadhvaM cha yathAsukham ||2-127-125
The seven sages, highly fortunate, depending on bhR^gu and A~Ngiras, the
sages, the great souls are also here. Bow to them comfortably.
ete chakradharAshchaiva tAvandadhvaM cha sarvashaH |
sAgarAshcha hradAshchaiva matpriyArthamihAgatAH ||2-127-126
Here are those who hold the chakra. Bow to all of them. The oceans and pools
have also come here for my pleasure. (Bow to them as well.)
dishashcha vidishashchaiva vandadhvaM cha yathAkramam |
vAsukipramukhAshchaiva nAgA vai sumahAbalAH ||2-127-127
The directions and sub-directions are also here. Bow to them as well in order.
The highly powerful serpents such as the prominent one vAsuki are also here.
Bow to them.)
gAvashcha matpriyArthaM vai vandadhvaM cha yathAkramam ||
jyotIMShi saha nakShatrairyakSharAkShasakiMnaraiH ||2-127-128
AgatA matpriyArthaM vai vandadhvaM cha yathAkramam |
The cows are here for my pleasure. Bow to them in order. The planets along
with the stars, the yakSha-s, rAkShasa-s and kiMnara-s have also come here
for my pleasure. Bow to them in order.
vAsudevavachaH shrutvA kumArAH praNatAH sthitAH ||2-127-129
yathAkrameNa sarveShAM devatAnAM mAhAtmanAm |
(vaishampAyana continued: O janamejaya!) Hearing the words of the son of
vasudeva (kR^iShNa) the youngsters stood bowing to all the deva-s and great
souls as per the order.
sarvAndivaukaso dR^iShTvA paurA vismayamAgatAH ||2-127-130
pUjArthamatha sambhArAnpragR^ihya drutamAgatAH |
The citizens wondered seeing all the deva-s. They quickly came arranging
all items required for worshipping them.
aho sumahadAshcharyaM vAsudevasya saMshrayAt ||2-127-131
prApyate yadihAsmAbhiriti vAchashcharantyuta |
Then the following words were heard: This is a great wonder. Depending on the
son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa) all these have become possible for us.
tatashchandanachUrNaishcha gandhapuShpaishcha sarvashaH ||2-127-132
kiranti pauraH sarvAMstAnpUjayanto divaukasaH |
Then the citizens, worshipping the deva-s, showered sandal wood powder and
fragrant flowers all over.
lAjaiH praNAmairdhUpaishcha vAdyadhvaniyamaistathA ||2-127-133
dvArakAvAsinaH sarve pUjayanti divaukasaH |
All the residents of the city of doors (dvAraka) worshipped the deva-s
with fried rice grains, incense, sounds of musical instruments and folded
AhukaM vAsudevaM cha sAmbaM cha yadunandanam ||2-127-134
sAtyakiM cholmukaM chaiva vipR^ithuM cha mahAbalam |
They worshipped Ahuka, vasudeva, sAmba the son of yadu, sAtyaki, ulmuka as
well as the highly powerful vipR^ithu.
akrUraM cha mahAbhAgaM tathA niShadhameva cha ||2-127-135
(They also worshipped) the highly fortunate akrUra as well as niShadha.
etAnpariShvajya tadA mUrdhni chAghrAya vAsavaH |
vAsava (indra) embraced all of them and smelled their hair.
atha shakro mahAbhAgaH samakShaM yadumaNDale ||2-127-136
stuvantaM keshihantAraM tatrovAchottaraM vachaH |
Then the highly fortunate shakra in front of the assembly of yAdava-s spoke,
praising the slayer of keshi (kR^iShNa), as follows:
sAtvataH sAttvatAmeSha sarveShAM yadunandanam ||2-127-137
kR^iShNa is the best sAtvata among all yAdava-s.
mokShayitvA raNe chaiva yashasA pauruSheNa cha |
mahAdevasya miShato guhasya cha mahAtmanaH ||2-127-138
Watched by the great souls, the great deva (shiva) and guha (kArtikeya),
kR^iShNa freed ( aniruddha ) by battle, fame and manliness.
eSha bANaM raNe jitvA dvArakAM punarAgataH |
Conquering bANa in battle, he has again come to dvAraka.
sahasrabAho bAhUnAM kR^itvA dvayamanuttamam ||2-127-139
sthApayitvA dvibAhutve prApto.ayaM svapuraM hariH |
After leaving thousand armed bANa with two best arms, making him two armed,
hari (kR^iShNa) has returned to his own city (dvAraka).
yadarthaM janma kR^iShNasya mAnuSheShu mahAtmanaH ||2-127-140
tadapyavasitaM kAryaM naShTAshokA vayaM kR^itAH |
All the purposes of the birth of the great soul kR^iShNa as a human being
are accomplished. He has destroyed all our worries.
pibatAM madhu madhvIkaM bhavatAM prItipUrvakam ||2-127-141
kAlo yAsyatyavirasaM viShayeShveva tyajyatAm |
Now you will spend the time with pleasure, drinking sweet and intoxicating
drinks. Discard all your disagreeable matters.
bAhUnAM saMshrayAtsarve vayamasya mahAtmanaH ||2-127-142
praNaShTashokA raMsyAmaH sarve eva yathAsukham |
Depending on the power of the arms of this great soul, losing our worries,
all of us shall live comfortably.
evaM stutvA sahasrAkShaH keshavaM dAnavAntakam || 2-127-143
ApR^ichChya taM mahAbhAgaH sarvadevagaNairvR^itaH |
(vaishampAyana continued: O janamejaya!) Praising keshava (kR^iShNa),
the slayer of demons, thus, the one with one thousand eyes, the highly
fortunate one, (indra) surrounded by all devas, bid farewell.
tataH punaH pariShvajya kR^iShNaM lokanamaskR^itam |
puraMdaro divaM yAtaH saha devamarudgaNaiH ||2-127-144
Embracing kR^iShNa, bowed by all in the world, puraMdara (indra) along with
deva-s and marut-s went to heaven.
R^iShayashcha mahAtmAno jayAshIrbhirmahaujasam |
yathAgataM punaryAtA yakSharAkShasakiMnarAH ||2-127-145
Also the sages, the great souls, gave blessings of victory to the one with
great splendor. The yakSha-s, rAkShasa-s and kiMnara-s retuned to the places
from where they came.
puraMdare divaM yAte padmanAbho mahAbalaH |
apR^ichChata mahAbhAgaH sarvAnkushalamavyayam ||2-127-146
As puraMdara (indra) went to heaven, the highly powerful one, having lotus on
his navel, the highly fortunate one (kR^iShNa) asked all the yAdavas about
their well being.
tataH kilakilAshabdaM nirvamantaH sahasrashaH |
gachChanti kaumudIM draShTuM so.anaghaH prIyate sadA ||2-127-147
Then, all over thousands of sounds were heard as many came to see the face of
kR^iShNa, as beautiful as a lotus flower. The one without any sin is always
dvArakAM prApya kR^iShNAstu reme yadugaNAiH saha |
vividhAnsarvakAmArthA~nChriyA paramayA yutaH ||2-127-148
Reaching the city of doors (dvAraka), kR^iShNa, the one yoked with prosperity,
enjoyed many pleasures and ends along with the groups of yAdava-s.
iti shrImahAbhArate khileShu harivaMshe viShNuparvaNi dvArakApratyAgamane
Thus this is the one hundred and twentyseventh chapter of viShNuparva,
harivaMsha, khila of mahAbhArata, aniruddha freed, kR^iShNa returns to dvAraka
after a battle with varuNa
Note 1: Refer gItA press commentary and foot note on page 908.
Note 2: Refer gItA press commentary and foot note on page 908.
Note 3: Refer gItA press commentary, foot note on page 909.
Note 4: Refer gItA press commentary on page 909.
Itranslated by K S Ramachandran, email@example.com
March 5, 2009
Further proof-read by Gilles Schaufelberger, schaufel @ wanadoo.fr
If you find any errors compared to Chitrashala Press edition,
send corrections to A. Harindranath, harindranath_a @ yahoo.com
Translated to English by A. Purushothaman [purushothaman_avaroth @
yahoo.com] and A. Harindranath
October 2, 2011