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Mahabharata Related Works in Sanskrit
Mahabharata Related Works in Sanskrit
Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya ,
Acharya Madhva ,(1197-1276), (commentary)
Bharata Bhava Dipa,
Anandavardhana , (poetics)(9th century)
Patrick Colm Hogan,
Toward a cognitive science of poetics:
Anandavardhana, Abhinavagupta, and the theory of literature
The great sanskrit dramatist
Bhasa who lived before Kalidasa
(c. 3rd century AD)
plays based on Mahabharata. Following is a list of those plays. Note that
this is not a complete list of Bhasa's plays.
These were first published by T. Ganapati Sastrikal in 1921.
- Madhyamavyayogam (Bhima reunited with
Hidimba and son)
- Dutavakyam (Krishna as emissary
to Kauravas court)
(Indra begging the gift of
Karna's armour and earrings)
- Pancaratram (Raid on Virata)
(Ghatotkacha's message to
Kauravas celebrating death of Abhimanyu that Arjuna would
- Urubhangam (Bhima-Duryodhana duel)
- Abijnana Sakuntala,
Dushyanta Shakuntala story.
Marriage of Shiva and Parvati.
Bharavi, (poem)(6th-7th century)
In 18 cantos on the single
episode of Vana Parva of
Arjuna propitiating Shiva for divine weapons.
Magha, (poem) (7th century)
Shishupala by Krishna in 20
cantos on a single episode of Sabha Parva through lengthy descriptions.
Bhatta Narayana, (play) (8th century).
On Bhima taking revenge for the outrage on Draupadi.
- Kerala king Kulashekhara Varman
of 9th c. AD
Bala Bharata or
deals with core story of
epic up to dice game and insult to Draupadi.
- Bharatamanjari, (poem)
Ksemendra . His Chitra
Bharata is lost.
- Bharta Champu,
Anantabhatta, in 12 chapters.
- Purva Bharata Champu,,
Manaveda, (17th century), along with the commentary
Krishniya. Published by Dr. K.
Raghavan Pillai, Kerala University, Ananthshayanm Samskrta Granthavali,
No. 209. Printed at Sriramavilaam Press, Kollam (1963).
covering hunting sports
of Pandu and ending in coronation of Yudhishthira.
- Partha Parakrama,
Prahladanadeva, c.12th c AD, play on
raid on Virata.
- Dhananjaya Vijaya,
Kanchana Pandita, (undated) ending with
- Samudra Manthana,
Vatsaraja, minister of Paramardideva of
Kalanjara (1163-1203 AD).
Play in 3 acts on the churning of the ocean.
Krishna Kavi, (play) (no date).
- Vikranta Kaurava,
Hastimalla, c. 1200 AD, a play in 6 acts.
- Draupadi Svayamvara,
Vijayapala, 12th c. AD. Draupadi's
marriage in 2
- Vyasa Shriramadeva, 15th c. AD.
DraupadI in in 2
- Subhadra Parinaya,
another play on Arjuna winning Subhadra.
Madhava, pre 17th c. AD, deals with the
abduction of Subhadra by Arjuna.
second half of 12th c. AD deals with BhIma killing
VishvanAtha, c. early 14th c. AD. One act play
deals with Bhima
bringing the flower for Draupadi.
- Bhima Vikrama Vyayoga,
Mokshaditya, pre 14th c. AD.
Deals with adventures of Bhima.
Nilakantha, 17th c. AD, a Keralite,
dealt with Bhima-Hanumat and
the fetching of flowers.
- Hariduta, (Anonymous)
deals with Krishna's mission to Kauravas.
Amarachandra Suri, first half of 13th c. AD
in Gujarat, adapted
complete epic in 19 cantos.
in eastern India before 11th c. AD, on Bhima's
Kichaka in his yamaka
Vastupala, first half of 13th c. AD, a minister
of Vuradhavala of
Dholka, on Krishna-Arjuna's
friendship and Subhadra's marriage in 16 cantos.
Shri Harsha of Kanauj in latter
half of 12th c. AD on Nala-Damayanti.
Mahapatra to a king of Puri before 14th c. AD,
deals with story of Nala in
in 15 cantos.
Vamanabhatta Bana, court poet of Reddi prince
Vema of KondavIdu
14th-15th c.AD, wrote in 8
cantos on Nala's story.
- Nala-champu (Damayanti champu)
,Trivikrama Bhatta, 10th c. AD, covering
part of the Nala-Damayanti story in 7 cantos.
pupil of Hemachandra of 12th c. AD, composed play in 7 acts.
Nilakantha Dikshita, drama.
- Nala Bhumipala Rupaka
, a drama, anonymous.
- Nala Varnana Kavya ,
- Nalananda (play),
, Haradatta Suri, gives stories of Rama
Kshemishvara, 10th c. AD, in 7 acts on Nala.
- Savitri charitra,
Sankaralala (1882). A play on the legend of
- 2 plays are lost: Mukuta-Taditaka
, ascribed to
Bana by Bhoja, and
the Chandapala dealing with
The Cultural Heritage of India, Vol. 2,
published by The Ramakrishna Mission, Institute of Culture, Calcutta, India.
Source for further reference:
Epic Sources of Sanskrit Literature,
Juthika Ghosh, Calcutta Sanskrit College Research
Series XXIII (Calcutta 1963)
Compiled by Pradip Bhattacharya and A. Harindranath
Last updated September 28, 2005.